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The Worlds forgotten Forests

Production year: 2013 | 1*52 | Genres: Nature
The worlds forgotten forest
Origin country: Norway
Production company: NRK Norsk Rikskringkasting AS
Original title: Skogen verden glemte
Original language: Norwegian
Formats: HD | 16:9

The trees of a forest absorb carbon dioxide (CO2), cleanse air and water, and help with climate stabilisation. Norway contributes 2.4bn Norwegian kroner annually to the conservation of tropical forests, despite the fact that the nation’s own forests absorb more carbon than those in the tropics. Opinions in Norway are divided, however, as to what should be done at home to stabilise the climate.

Norway contributes NOK 2.4bn a year towards conservation of tropical forests, but the fact that the nation’s forests absorb more carbon than their tropical counterparts is less well known. A case in point is Nordmarka, an expanse of woodland surrounding Oslo, which absorbs two to three times as much carbon as a corresponding forest area in Amazonas.

Unique pictures
Norway’s forests are home to a wide variety of birds, mammals, insects, plants and fungi whose longstanding symbiosis is vital to the natural functions of the forests, that is, to maintain climatic stability and cleanse the air and water. There are many more species of flora and fauna in a primaeval forest than in a newly established one. In this programme we follow the species in one such ancient forest and observe at close hand the way they interact. Among the species featured are the black woodpecker, Europe’s largest woodpecker, whose presence is central to the well-being of many other woodland birds and animals, among them the Tengman’s owl, hawk owl, golden-eyed duck and pine marten.

Innovative recording technology has been employed to document this varied habitat, including cameras that permit filming in slow motion and inside hollow trees.

The programme also includes scenes from Tanzania’s rain forests.

Enormous carbon deposits
Norwegian forests absorb nearly three times as much CO2 as is released into the atmosphere by the country’s vehicular traffic. They are an integral part of the world’s largest eco-system, the boreal belt of coniferous trees extending from Scandinavia via Siberia to North America. Whereas sixty per cent of all the carbon stored by trees is to be found in these forests, only 30 per cent is absorbed by tropical forests. Canada has set aside as a carbon repository an area larger than the whole of Norway, the intention being that this vast area of forest shall be left in its natural state, so that the carbon it sequesters remains in the ground.

In Norway, opinion is divided as to whether it is best, from a climatic point of view, to leave the nation’s forests untouched or to cut them down and replace them with spruce plantations. A Norwegian professor of biology, Dag O. Hessen, and Johan C. Løken, chairman of Det norske Skogselskap (The Norwegian Forestry Society) differ as to which is the better alternative.

Still images

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